Career Choice in Management and Entrepreneurship
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Career Choice in Management and Entrepreneurship

A Research Companion

Edited by Mustafa F. Özbilgin and Ayala Malach-Pines

Although a large and steadily growing research literature attests to an interest in management and entrepreneurship, little research has focused on comparative assessment of the career choices and trajectories of managers and entrepreneurs. This timely book fills the gap by presenting an assessment of early influences on the career choice of managers and entrepreneurs, their attitudes at the start of their careers as students, and in their later employment experiences.
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Chapter 4: Family Influences on the Career Life Cycle

T. Alexandra Beauregard


4. Family influences on the career life cycle T. Alexandra Beauregard In an era when 49 per cent of UK workers report that balancing work and family responsibilities is an issue of significant concern to them (JP Morgan Fleming, 2003), the influence of family and personal life on career decisions is receiving increasing amounts of media attention. Today’s business school graduates are ‘looking for a workstyle to go with their lifestyle’, claims the HR consultancy Hay Group (The Economist, 2006). ‘Generation X and Generation Y workers, who are younger than 40, are more likely than boomers to say they put family before jobs’, says an article in USA Today (Elias, 2004). ‘Today’s younger employees are working to live rather than living to work’, states a newspaper manager in the journalism newsletter Fusion (Williamson, 2006). These media sound bites are supported by ongoing research conducted by Schein (1978, 1993, 1996) on the construct of career anchors. An individual’s career anchor can be described as his or her self-concept, incorporating perceived career-related abilities and talents, values, and motivations and needs (Schein, 1996). The five original career anchors consisted of technical/functional competence, managerial competence, security and stability, creativity, and autonomy and independence. More recently, however, the ‘lifestyle’ anchor has emerged as an offshoot of the ‘security and stability’ anchor, and is concerned not with economic stability like its predecessor, but with the stability of one’s general life pattern. An employee identifying lifestyle as his or her career anchor values...

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