A Research Companion
Edited by Mustafa F. Özbilgin and Ayala Malach-Pines
Chapter 5: Understanding the Role of Relationships in Making Career Choices Among Turkish MBA Students
Zahide Karakitapoglu-Aygün and ˘ Kadire Zeynep Sayım INTRODUCTION Relationships are central to human functioning. They serve as channels for social resources such as informational, emotional and instrumental support. However, the role of these relational inﬂuences in career progress is usually de-emphasized in the literature. Rather, work and relatedness have been perceived as two opposite and distinct modalities of human functioning. Accordingly, work is assumed to represent agency, individuality and separateness, whereas relatedness is assumed to imply dependency. Only in recent years has interest in understanding how relationships and careers are intertwined increased (Blustein, 2001; Blustein et al., 1997; Blustein et al., 2004; Flum, 2001; Schultheiss, 2003; Phillips et al., 2001; Schultheiss et al., 2001). This increased interest in relationships in the organizational research is a reﬂection of a general tendency away from individualistic explanations toward more relational and contextual ones in social sciences. The recent research examining the interplay between work and relatedness points to the limitations of stereotypical individual autonomy at the workplace and argues that connectedness with others is essential. For example, based on an extensive literature, Baumeister and Leary (1995) concluded that relatedness is a basic need. Similarly, Bellah et al. (1985) illustrated that people ﬁnd it diﬃcult to imagine a good life as being lived alone. In their critique of American individualism, Bellah et al. (1985, p. 82) noted that ‘for highly individuated Americans, there is something anomalous about the relation between parents and children, for the biologically normal dependence of children...
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