Career Choice in Management and Entrepreneurship
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Career Choice in Management and Entrepreneurship

A Research Companion

Edited by Mustafa F. Özbilgin and Ayala Malach-Pines

Although a large and steadily growing research literature attests to an interest in management and entrepreneurship, little research has focused on comparative assessment of the career choices and trajectories of managers and entrepreneurs. This timely book fills the gap by presenting an assessment of early influences on the career choice of managers and entrepreneurs, their attitudes at the start of their careers as students, and in their later employment experiences.
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Chapter 20: Career Choices of Skilled Migrants: A Holistic Perspective

Jawad Syed


Jawad Syed INTRODUCTION Highly skilled migrants constitute an increasingly large component of international migration today (Iredale, 2001). According to an estimate, there are about 1.5 million skilled migrants from developing countries in the industrialized countries alone (Stalker, 2000). Many studies have highlighted the contributions of skilled migrants in improving the economic and political stability of the host countries. Scholars generally agree that immigration tends to maximize opportunity and enrich host economies by shifting human resources from where they are abundant (or less rewarded) to where they are most needed (Kerr, 1997; Benson-Rea and Rawlinson, 2003). Papademetriou and Yale-Loehr (1995, p. 2) argue that, more than ever before, immigration merits an appropriate recognition in the broader strategy of national progress and planning. Indeed, this increased level of mobility manifests the internationalization of professions or professional labour markets (Iredale, 2001), an important subject in contemporary academic and policy research. Migrant research worldwide is generally informed by human capital theory using quantitative tools to examine how individual attributes of migrants affect their labour market outcomes. The proponents of this theory suggest that human capital has a key role in the career prospects of migrants because occupational achievements have a positive correlation with different levels of productivity (Becker, 1993; Mincer, 1993). Accordingly, an investment in skill is seen as an investment in productivity that returns in terms of income through gainful employment (Mayer, 1995). The critics of human capital theory argue that instead of offering indepth insights into the issues and...

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