Ethics and Integrity of Governance
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Ethics and Integrity of Governance

Perspectives Across Frontiers

Edited by Leo W.J.C. Huberts, Jeroen Maesschalk and Carole L. Jurkiewicz

This book provides critical, up-to-date reviews on the field of ethics and integrity of governance, along with fresh future perspectives. Focusing on Europe and the US, it addresses the key dimensions of public service values, the integrity and rationality of governance, ethics management, and the ethics of governance politics. In each of these four areas, leading international scholars tackle the main issues and controversies facing the world today. The final chapter synthesizes these views and provides an ambitious and critical outline for future work in the field of ethics and integrity of governance. Emanating from the much heralded ‘transatlantic dialogue’, this study integrates both the European and American perspectives into a common voice for action.
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Chapter 4: Ethical Norms in Public Service: A Framework for Analysis

Carol W. Lewis


Carol W. Lewis INTRODUCTION The purpose here is to construct a multi-dimensional framework for analysing ethical decision making by integrating the disparate literatures on ethical norms and behavior in public service. Because the empirical evidence from developmental management, psychology, decision theory, normative theory, and more suggests that ethical decision making is multi-dimensional and variable across time and context, the synthesis goes beyond an exclusive reliance on any single discipline or model. Depicted graphically as the ethics landscape, the proposed framework shows variations in ethical decision making based on four bundles of variables (cognitive development, grounding, normative basis and saliency) across individuals, organizations and situations. The ethics landscape then is applied in a development setting to an ethical dilemma in public service. SOURCES OF ETHICAL NORMS What is ethical behavior and, in particular, good conduct in public service? There are numerous formulations of good behavior (drawing on, for example, motivation or purpose, harm or benefit or mode of reasoning) and its negatives, corruption (Huberts, 2003) and poor moral judgment. These formulations include both empirical, behavioral models from the social sciences that explain how and why decisions are made and normative or prescriptive models that specify what decisions should be made and why. When categorized by source or field, moral values and behavioral norms cluster by source into six categories. (The Appendix shows the classifications in detail.) 1. Human universals, innate or natural, derived from natural rights theory (for example, the US Declaration of Independence); developmental psychology associated with, for...

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