Pricing in Road Transport
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Pricing in Road Transport

A Multi-Disciplinary Perspective

Edited by Erik Verhoef, Michiel Bliemer, Linda Steg and Bert van Wee

Transport pricing is high on the political agenda throughout the world, but as the authors illustrate, governments seeking to implement this often face challenging questions and significant barriers. The associated policy and research questions cannot always be addressed adequately from a mono-disciplinary perspective. This book shows how a multi-disciplinary approach may lead to new types of analysis and insights, contributing to a better understanding of the intricacies of transport pricing and eventually to a potentially more effective and acceptable design of such policies. The study addresses important policy and research themes such as the possible motives for introducing road transport pricing and potential conflicts between these motives, behavioural responses to transport pricing for households and firms, the modelling of transport pricing, and the acceptability of pricing.
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Chapter 14: The London Experience

Georgina Santos


1 Georgina Santos 14.1 BACKGROUND TO THE LONDON CONGESTION CHARGING SCHEME On 17 February 2003 the London Congestion Charging Scheme (LCCS) was implemented, after a number of public consultation exercises and with a fair amount of background research supporting its design. The legislation needed had been in place since 1999. The Greater London Authority Act 1999 (Acts of Parliament, 1999) had created an authority for Greater London, which consisted of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly; and had, at the same time, given the Mayor powers to implement road user charging and/or workplace parking levies. Two major research studies on congestion charging in London had also been carried out. In July 1995, the Government Office for London published the results of the London Congestion Charging Research Programme (MVA Consultancy, 1995), which examined a range of technical options. The Review of Charging Options for London (ROCOL) Working Group had been set up in August 1998 with the aim of providing an assessment of options for congestion charging in London. They also produced a report, overseen by the Government Office for London, and published in March 2000 (ROCOL, 2000), which reviewed the available options for charging, conducted and discussed public attitude surveys, and assessed the impact of illustrative charging schemes. The introduction of congestion charging was a central part of Mayor Ken Livingstone’s manifesto for election in May 2000. After being elected, Livingstone decided to take forward the ROCOL proposals for a London congestion charging scheme in Central...

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