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Edited by Rowena Barrett and Susan Mayson
4 Interpretivist approaches to entrepreneurship Catherine Cassell and Sara Nadin Introduction Entrepreneurship as one of the newest ﬁelds of management (Wortman, 1987) is interdisciplinary and has become the object of a large variety of research work (Cunningham and Lischeron, 1991). Research has been conducted at a variety of levels with a considerable diversity of foci. At a macro level research has focused on areas of ﬁnancing entrepreneurial activities and characteristics of the economic environment (Kuratko and Hodgetts, 1998). At the micro level research has covered individual traits of the entrepreneur (for example, Allinson et al., 2000; Cromie, 2000), entrepreneurial behaviour in relation to creating new ventures (Stevenson and Jarillo, 1990) and the processes of strategy formulation and strategic direction. More recently there has been an increased interest in the links between entrepreneurship and HRM as this present collection testiﬁes. This growing ﬁeld is characterized by diversity in a number of ways. Apart from being diverse in content and scope, entrepreneurship has been informed by a number of insights from other social science approaches such as anthropology, economics and history. Indeed as Grant and Perren suggest, ‘much of the development of the ﬁeld has been achieved by drawing on theoretical frameworks from outside’ (2002: p. 185). Despite this diversity the methodological underpinnings of the ﬁeld have remained fairly uniform, with the majority of published research being located within a functionalist paradigm informed by a positivist epistemology. A number of authors have drawn attention to this situation. For example Grant and...
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