Research Companion to the Dysfunctional Workplace
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Research Companion to the Dysfunctional Workplace Management Challenges and Symptoms

Management Challenges and Symptoms

  • New Horizons in Management series

Edited by Janice Langan-Fox, Cary L. Cooper and Richard J. Klimoski

A work exposing and exploring the phenomena of the dysfunctional workplace is long overdue. This fascinating book does just that, uncovering the subversiveness, counter-productive behaviour and unspoken ‘issues’ that managers struggle with on a daily basis.
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Chapter 3: Problems of Employees with Personality Disorders: The Exemplar of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)

Michael Kyrios, Maja Nedeljkovic, Richard Moulding and Guy Doron

Extract

3 Problems of employees with personality disorders: the exemplar of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) Michael Kyrios, Maja Nedeljkovic, Richard Moulding and Guy Doron 1. Personality disorders and the exemplar of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder Personality disorders involve longstanding, persistent and maladaptive ways of functioning that are associated with impairment in intrapersonal, social, occupational and academic functioning. Personality disorders are considered to have an onset in early adulthood, although most difficulties can be seen as traits from childhood. The diagnostic heading of personality disorder embraces a wide variety of presentations, with recognized diagnoses including dependent, histrionic, narcissistic, antisocial, schizoid, avoidant, borderline, paranoid, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. This chapter will focus on obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) as an exemplar of a personality disorder that represents a common problem affecting workplace performance. OCPD is a chronic and maladaptive pattern associated with excessive rigidity, preoccupation with perfection, overly stringent personal and moral standards, inflated concern about matters of control and order, extremes in emotional control and constriction, interpersonal reticence, and indecisiveness that affect all domains of an individual’s life (Pfohl and Blum, 1991). The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) lists eight personality traits that characterize OCPD: rigidity, perfectionism, hypermorality, overattention to detail, miserliness, an inability to discard worn or useless items, excessive devotion to work, and an inability to delegate tasks. Such characteristics can exert a negative influence on work performance, both in terms of the affected individual’s...

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