Management Challenges and Symptoms
Edited by Janice Langan-Fox, Cary L. Cooper and Richard J. Klimoski
Chapter 3: Problems of Employees with Personality Disorders: The Exemplar of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)
Michael Kyrios, Maja Nedeljkovic, Richard Moulding and Guy Doron 1. Personality disorders and the exemplar of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder Personality disorders involve longstanding, persistent and maladaptive ways of functioning that are associated with impairment in intrapersonal, social, occupational and academic functioning. Personality disorders are considered to have an onset in early adulthood, although most diﬃculties can be seen as traits from childhood. The diagnostic heading of personality disorder embraces a wide variety of presentations, with recognized diagnoses including dependent, histrionic, narcissistic, antisocial, schizoid, avoidant, borderline, paranoid, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. This chapter will focus on obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) as an exemplar of a personality disorder that represents a common problem aﬀecting workplace performance. OCPD is a chronic and maladaptive pattern associated with excessive rigidity, preoccupation with perfection, overly stringent personal and moral standards, inﬂated concern about matters of control and order, extremes in emotional control and constriction, interpersonal reticence, and indecisiveness that aﬀect all domains of an individual’s life (Pfohl and Blum, 1991). The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) lists eight personality traits that characterize OCPD: rigidity, perfectionism, hypermorality, overattention to detail, miserliness, an inability to discard worn or useless items, excessive devotion to work, and an inability to delegate tasks. Such characteristics can exert a negative inﬂuence on work performance, both in terms of the aﬀected individual’s capacity to work eﬀectively and the quality of their relationships with co-workers. These...
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