Management Challenges and Symptoms
Edited by Janice Langan-Fox, Cary L. Cooper and Richard J. Klimoski
1 Ronald J. Burke and Teal McAteer This chapter oﬀers a selective review of the literature addressing work hours and workaholism or work addiction and their eﬀects. Although these two bodies of literature deal with the same topics, they have historically been considered quite separately (Burke, 2006). Work is a vital and potentially enjoyable event which provides us with monetary and non-monetary beneﬁts. Work can give us a sense of achievement and success. Yet how much work is too much? This chapter will explore motives for working long hours, the associated work and well-being outcomes, as well as possible modiﬁers aﬀecting the relationship between work hours and well-being. The importance of focusing on work hours is multifaceted. First, a large number of employees are unhappy about the number of hours they work (Jacobs and Gerson, 1998). Second, the amount of time demanded by work is an obvious and important way in which work aﬀects other parts of one’s life (Dembe, 2005; Shields, 1999). Third, work hours are a widely studied structural output of employment. Fourth, the study of work hours and well-being outcomes has produced some inconsistent and complex results (Barnett, 1998). Because of technological advances and ﬂexible work arrangements, it might be assumed that working time was getting progressively shorter. However, this is one trend that varies from country to country and even within countries by gender, occupation, race and time period (Figart and Golden, 1998). Beginning in the nineteenth century with the...
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