Survival of the Greenest
Chapter 4: Evolutionary Policy for Energy Innovations
4.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter describes in general terms current Dutch government policy with regard to the stimulation of innovations in the energy sector. The following key question serves as our starting point: To what extent are the views underlying Dutch public policies relating to innovations in the energy sector, as reﬂected in available policy and advisory documents, in line with the insights of evolutionary economics? Various policy domains are relevant for the stimulation of energy innovations. These include energy policy, environmental policy, climate policy, technology or innovation policy, scientiﬁc policy and transition policy. In this chapter we will look in particular at energy, technology and innovation policy. The other areas of policy will be covered only insofar as they are directly relevant for innovations in the energy sector. The chapter starts with a brief summary of Dutch policy and advisory documents that underlie our analysis of evolutionary principles in energy and innovation policy. The focus is placed on interaction between, and motivation for, energy research policy and innovation policy. Section 4.3 brieﬂy summarizes the history and background of Dutch energy policies, including the policy design for energy innovations. Section 4.4 presents a similar historical overview of Dutch innovation policies. In Section 4.5 we evaluate the Dutch design of energy and innovation policies against the background of the evolutionary concepts from Chapter 2. 4.2 POLICY AND ADVISORY DOCUMENTS Energy policy goes back decades and can be traced quite clearly since the 1970s. Technology policy is more diﬃcult...
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