Survival of the Greenest
Chapter 6: Summary and Conclusions
BRIEF SUMMARY The aim of this book has been to argue and illustrate that much can be learned from the insights and reasoning provided by modern evolutionary economics for the design of policies and institutions to foster a transition to an environmentally sustainable economy, with a special focus on the transition to a sustainable energy system. For this purpose, a theoretical framework was developed based on six key concepts: diversity, innovation, selection environment, bounded rationality, path dependence and lock-in, and co-evolution. The framework has been derived from a general analysis of the evolutionary economics literature. By applying this framework, insights regarding the content of transition management have been obtained. From this it follows that transition policy is a combination of elements from environmental regulation, stimulating unlocking and innovation policy. Three types of analyses have been oﬀered to support our ﬁndings. First, transition policy and management was analysed at a very general and conceptual level, resulting in a set of guidelines. Second, current and intended Dutch government policies aimed at stimulating technological and organizational innovations in energy systems have been evaluated on the basis of the evolutionary-economic framework, making use of the most important policy documents available. Finally, based on the theoretical framework, a detailed illustrative analysis of the development of three quite diﬀerent energy technologies – namely fuel cells, nuclear fusion and solar cells – has been carried out. The following sections present a summary of the results and the main policy conclusions. 6.2 THE POLICY FRAMEWORK OFFERED BY EVOLUTIONARY...
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