Survival of the Greenest
For a detailed description of these policy areas, see Chapter 4. Successive policy documents continued to foresee growth in the number of nuclear power plants in the Netherlands, even after the ‘Broad Social Debate’, which was initiated in 1979, made clear that the majority of the Dutch population was against nuclear power. The disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986 led to the Dutch cabinet no longer seeing further development of nuclear energy as a viable option. However, in NEPP-4 (VROM, 2001) nuclear energy was once again mentioned as an option, mainly in light of the climate issue. 3. For an overview, see the website of the Ministry of Economic Aﬀairs: www. energietransitie.nl 4. This section draws heavily on Kern (2000). 5. An early proponent of the innovation system concept is Michael Porter (1990). The concept of the innovation system was developed further by Nelson (1993), Lundvall (1992) and Edquist (1997), among others. 6. Note that the concept of research and innovations as a driving force for economic growth very much resembles the approach of the 1960s and 1970s. 7. On the other hand, it is also conceivable that investments shift to power plants ﬁred on relatively cheap coal, which is, if no preventive measures are taken, more polluting than existing fossil options such as natural gas. This shift can presently be seen with some investors in the Netherlands, who are clearly taking a short time horizon perspective. 8. This reaction takes place indirectly (via an electrolyte)...
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