Debates, Models and Practices Across Government, Law and Business
Chapter 9: Corporate Social Responsibility’s Emerging Human Rights Challenges
A MULTI-DIMENSIONAL VIEW OF CORPORATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS (T)he corporation has become a global institutional form [and] the protection of human rights has become a global concern . . . (T)he relationship between corporations and human rights can be considered from four different but related perspectives – corporations as: ● ● ● ● violators of human rights; protectors or promoters of human rights; beneﬁciaries of human rights protections; and institutions in which members’ rights are important. – Professor Stephen Bottomley, Director of the Centre for Commercial Law, Australian National University1 Corporate responsibility for human rights is one of the great CSR issues of the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The unfolding global CSR project covered throughout this book includes new developments in the relation between CSR and human rights that are broadly heading in the same rights-enhancing direction. These developments include the stimulus to debate generated by the promulgation of the draft UN Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights (UN Norms), the subsequent search for new global frameworks for regulation and practice surrounding business and human rights, and the emerging intersections between human rights and various areas of national and international law. They also include the increasing sophistication of business tools for incorporating human rights issues in corporate operations and reporting, the incorporation of human rights elements in business supply and distribution chains, and the potential for multifaceted corporate due diligence on human rights to mainstream human rights consideration in corporate decisions and actions. Business...
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