The Legal Response to the Financing of Global Terrorism
Chapter 6: Corrupt Islamic Charities
6. Corrupt Islamic charities [Islamic charities are involved in a] new type of jihad, ﬁnancial jihad, through which ﬁnancial support is guaranteed to the martyr’s families, Palestinian prisoners and detainees, and every Palestinian whose property is damaged during conﬂict.1 Dr Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Executive Director, Union of the Good God equated martyrdom through JIHAD with supplying funds for the JIHAD eﬀort.2 Global Relief Foundation (fund-raising pamphlet) For years, Islamic charities have been one of the most important sources of funds for al Qaeda, HAMAS, and other related terrorist organizations.3 It is estimated that it cost al Qaeda about $30 million per year to sustain its activities before 9/11.4 A substantial portion of this was raised by ‘diversions of money from Islamic charities and the use of well-placed ﬁnancial facilitators who gathered money from both witting and unwitting donors, primarily in the Gulf region.’5 The ﬁnal report by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Report) indicates that Saudi Arabia ‘was a place where Al Qaeda raised money directly from individuals and through charities.’6 However, charitable donations to terrorist groups are not limited to al Qaeda. It is estimated that one third of HAMAS’ multi-million-dollar annual budget comes from charitable fund-raising activity in North America and Western Europe.7 A portion of the HAMAS-related funds allegedly go to ‘pay stipends to the families of Hamas terrorists ‘killed in action’ to encourage others to volunteer for suicide missions.’8 By abusing the principle of zakat or almsgiving, radical Islamists...
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