Unfunding Terror
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Unfunding Terror

The Legal Response to the Financing of Global Terrorism

Jimmy Gurulé

The book begins with a discussion of how shutting down the pipelines of funding is as important as dismantling the terrorist cells themselves. Next, the book covers the various means and methods used by terrorist groups to raise money, and examines how money is transferred globally to finance their lethal activities. The principal components of the legal strategy to disrupt the financing of terrorism are then discussed and evaluated. Unfortunately, the author concludes that the legal regime has met with mixed results, and finds that the sense of urgency to deprive terrorists of funding that existed following 9/11 has since dissipated. As a result, international efforts to freeze terrorist assets have dramatically declined. Moreover, the US Department of Justice has suffered several embarrassing and disappointing legal defeats in prosecuting major terrorist financiers. The author provides numerous recommendations to Congress, the Executive Branch, and the UN Security Council for strengthening the legal regime to deny terrorists the money needed to wage global jihad, acquire weapons of mass destruction, and launch another terrorist attack on the scale of 9/11.
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Chapter 6: Corrupt Islamic Charities

Jimmy Gurulé

Extract

6. Corrupt Islamic charities [Islamic charities are involved in a] new type of jihad, financial jihad, through which financial support is guaranteed to the martyr’s families, Palestinian prisoners and detainees, and every Palestinian whose property is damaged during conflict.1 Dr Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Executive Director, Union of the Good God equated martyrdom through JIHAD with supplying funds for the JIHAD effort.2 Global Relief Foundation (fund-raising pamphlet) For years, Islamic charities have been one of the most important sources of funds for al Qaeda, HAMAS, and other related terrorist organizations.3 It is estimated that it cost al Qaeda about $30 million per year to sustain its activities before 9/11.4 A substantial portion of this was raised by ‘diversions of money from Islamic charities and the use of well-placed financial facilitators who gathered money from both witting and unwitting donors, primarily in the Gulf region.’5 The final report by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Report) indicates that Saudi Arabia ‘was a place where Al Qaeda raised money directly from individuals and through charities.’6 However, charitable donations to terrorist groups are not limited to al Qaeda. It is estimated that one third of HAMAS’ multi-million-dollar annual budget comes from charitable fund-raising activity in North America and Western Europe.7 A portion of the HAMAS-related funds allegedly go to ‘pay stipends to the families of Hamas terrorists ‘killed in action’ to encourage others to volunteer for suicide missions.’8 By abusing the principle of zakat or almsgiving, radical Islamists...

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