Economic Integration, Democratization and National Security in East Asia Shifting Paradigms in US, China and Taiwan Relations
Shifting Paradigms in US, China and Taiwan Relations
Edited by Peter C.Y. Chow
Chapter 4: US Response to Rising Taiwanese Identity and China’s Emerging Power
4. US response to rising Taiwanese identity and China’s emerging power* June Teufel Dreyer The American response to a rising Taiwanese identity has taken diﬀerent forms, with the public pronouncements of the executive branch tending to either minimize claims to and manifestations of this separate identity or to caution that they may result in a change in the status quo that would be unacceptable to the PRC and therefore to the executive branch of the United States government. As the branch of the government that has primary responsibility for the formulation and execution of foreign policy, this more cautious stance is to be expected. By contrast, the legislature is less constrained on what it may say and do on foreign policy matters. It has tended to voice support for the right of the people of Taiwan to determine their own future and to regard benignly the manifestations of a rising Taiwan identity. Members of Congress show far less hesitation than the executive branch to criticize the PRC. The policies that result from the diﬀerent perspectives of the executive and legislative branches reﬂect the interplay of power politics and principle. EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATURE IN THE MAKING OF CHINA POLICY By the latter part of the 1960s, certain American policy-makers began to express concern that US military superiority over the Soviet Union was ebbing, and that something needed to be done to redress a balance of power that seemed less and less favorable to their country. At the same...
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