Non-market Entrepreneurship
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Non-market Entrepreneurship

Interdisciplinary Approaches

Edited by Gordon E. Shockley, Peter M. Frank and Roger R. Stough

As defined by the editors of this book, ‘non-market entrepreneurship’ consists of all forms of entrepreneurship not being undertaken solely for purposes of profit maximization or commercialization, and encompasses entrepreneurial activities such as social enterprise and entrepreneurship, public sector entrepreneurship, policy entrepreneurship, non-profit entrepreneurship, and philanthropic enterprise, among many others. The eminent cast of contributors gives coherence to the academic and public discussions on the topic, builds a theoretical edifice within the field of entrepreneurship and helps to establish and delineate the contours of the research field of non-market entrepreneurship.
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Chapter 10: A Model of Nonprofit and Socially Motivated Entrepreneurial Behavior

Peter M. Frank


10. A model of nonprofit and socially motivated entrepreneurial behavior Peter M. Frank INTRODUCTION Entrepreneurship theory has evolved considerably in recent years with extensive research from scholars representing various disciplines.1 With this growing body of research, the entrepreneur has been re-conceptualized to mean a diverse set of individuals engaged in various forms of entrepreneurship. While this lack of consensus for whom and what is entrepreneurship permeates the market focused literature, an increasing body of entrepreneurship research has arisen to explain similar behavior in the nonprofit sector. As with entrepreneurship theory, significant ambiguity exists on what is meant by the term ‘nonprofit entrepreneur’. Researchers and practitioners alike use multiple terms and descriptions to explain entrepreneurial activity that lies outside traditional market-orientated and motivated bounds. The purpose of this research is to develop a conceptual model to explain the scope of entrepreneurial phenomena that is currently observed in the nonprofit, philanthropic, and social sector; and, other entrepreneurial activities considered in the public interest. In particular, the model presented here describes and differentiates the various forms of entrepreneurship occurring in both the nonprofit and market sectors that is considered, at least in part, to be socially motivated. This research is important for several reasons, but the primary application is to aid in the ability to study entrepreneurial activity empirically, and to aid in encouraging broad-based entrepreneurial solutions to social problems or ‘extra-market’ provision of goods and services. It is clear that researchers and practitioners alike are...

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