Edited by Gordon E. Shockley, Peter M. Frank and Roger R. Stough
Chapter 10: A Model of Nonprofit and Socially Motivated Entrepreneurial Behavior
10. A model of nonproﬁt and socially motivated entrepreneurial behavior Peter M. Frank INTRODUCTION Entrepreneurship theory has evolved considerably in recent years with extensive research from scholars representing various disciplines.1 With this growing body of research, the entrepreneur has been re-conceptualized to mean a diverse set of individuals engaged in various forms of entrepreneurship. While this lack of consensus for whom and what is entrepreneurship permeates the market focused literature, an increasing body of entrepreneurship research has arisen to explain similar behavior in the nonproﬁt sector. As with entrepreneurship theory, signiﬁcant ambiguity exists on what is meant by the term ‘nonproﬁt entrepreneur’. Researchers and practitioners alike use multiple terms and descriptions to explain entrepreneurial activity that lies outside traditional market-orientated and motivated bounds. The purpose of this research is to develop a conceptual model to explain the scope of entrepreneurial phenomena that is currently observed in the nonproﬁt, philanthropic, and social sector; and, other entrepreneurial activities considered in the public interest. In particular, the model presented here describes and diﬀerentiates the various forms of entrepreneurship occurring in both the nonproﬁt and market sectors that is considered, at least in part, to be socially motivated. This research is important for several reasons, but the primary application is to aid in the ability to study entrepreneurial activity empirically, and to aid in encouraging broad-based entrepreneurial solutions to social problems or ‘extra-market’ provision of goods and services. It is clear that researchers and practitioners alike are...
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