Chapter 5: Applied Hate in the Material World at the Individual Level
INTRODUCTION So far we have dealt with the theory of hate in terms of its incorporation in models of individual choice. Hate does not take place in a vacuum. It requires some context for its expression such as a romantic relationship or the workplace or a sports event. Even pure self-hatred does not take place in a vacuum as it expresses itself in behaviour which impacts on others, such as suicide or bulimia, and is situated within a perspective on how other people will react. All of the contexts are some form of interpersonal relationship but the degree of genuine voluntary choice varies. The extreme of lack of choice for an adult is where someone is forced to work with or buy from or sell to someone of whom they experience intense hatred because they are so poor that they can not ﬁnd any other options. Here we ﬁnd a connection between the volume of expressed hatred and economic factors. There are additional economic situations other than work or direct commodity consumption which may precipitate hatred. The chief of these is being forced to share accommodation which instigates a degree of personal relationship between otherwise unconnected people. Again the scope for exit from this situation is constrained by income. For children and young people, the market may again restrict the ‘exit from hatred’, option in terms of experiencing hatred at school. For the teachers, the problem is again a straightforward one of market forces, for example a teacher in a...
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