Chapter 7: Phobias, -Isms and Schisms: Group Hate
INTRODUCTION In this chapter we move on to a fuller consideration of organized group hatred. This is, from a policy point of view, the area where the action is on the subject of hate. Inevitably it has been addressed at various times in the previous chapters but it is now time to deal with it separately. The group nature of hatred operates on both sides. That is, hatred is aimed at groups and perpetrated by groups. Vigilante groups may arise in order to protect a hated group from its enemies. It is not necessary to have symmetry in group interactions although there are cases of this. The obvious symmetrical examples concern race and ethnicity. The classic scenario is where an ethnic group is a target for hate on the grounds of attribution to it as the source of disadvantages to individuals in the majority groupings. This is the type of factor Glaeser (2005) assumes hate entrepreneurs to be manipulating. The hating group may be diametrically biologically opposite to the hated group, that is completely the opposite colour, but hatred between groups can occur where the biological similarities between the groups are much more numerous than the diﬀerences, such as in religiously-based disputes in countries with ethnically fairly similar populations. The FBI Uniform crime report for 2002 shows for the USA, a substantial proportion of hate crime perpetrated against the majority group (whites) – around 20 per cent suggesting support for Glaeser’s claims about ‘hating the haters’. We must bear in...
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