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Edited by Susan McGrath-Champ, Andrew Herod and Al Rainnie
Chapter 2: Globalisation and the State
Bob Jessop Although the topic of ‘globalisation and the state’ is common in economic and political debate, in actuality ‘globalisation’ is too chaotic a concept, and the ‘state’ too abstract, to support solid, testable arguments. To overcome this problem, this chapter presents globalisation as a complex, incomplete (and incompletable) process and notes its crucial temporal as well as spatial moments and, likewise, explores the complexities of statehood and its variability. It then considers: (a) the implications of economic globalisation for changes in the state and the exercise of state power; and (b) the role of states and state projects in rescaling economic activities in the world market. In particular, rather than assume a generic, ubiquitous relation, it distinguishes forms of globalisation as well as types of state and political regime. While advanced capitalist economies and their associated states in the postwar period provide the key reference point, other economic and political regimes and other periods are also mentioned. Globalisations Globalisation is a relatively recent word for a process with a much longer history that, unsurprisingly, has also been described in other terms, such as the rise of the world market, world economy, imperialism, world system, world society and empire. Its origins are also disputed. They have been linked to: the exodus of Homo sapiens from Africa around 60 000 years ago (Gamble, 1994); the first world systems some 5000 years ago (Frank, 1990); European expansion in the 1500s (Wallerstein, 1980); late nineteenth-century European imperialism (Hobson, 1902; Lenin, 1917); or only...
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