- Elgar original reference
Edited by Kevin Hindle and Kim Klyver
Chapter 4: Re-imagining The Achieving Society
4 Re-imagining The Achieving Society William B. Gartner INTRODUCTION In earlier work (Gartner 1985, 1988, 1989) I questioned the value of focusing on the traits or characteristics of entrepreneurs, primarily because of my initial empirical exploration of entrepreneurship that suggests that entrepreneurs, themselves, are very different from each other (Gartner et al. 1989). There is no one ‘type’ of entrepreneur, and there is no one particular set of characteristics that differentiate entrepreneurs from other types of individuals. As I have suggested in previous articles (Gartner 1990, 1993, 2001; Gartner et al. 2006), the phenomenon of entrepreneurship covers a broad range of topics, meanings and definitions, so when I use the word ‘entrepreneur’ I am talking about individuals involved in the process of starting organizations. In this view, then, individuals are ‘entrepreneurs’ or are acting in an ‘entrepreneurial’ way when they are engaged in starting organizations. As in Schumpeter’s view of these individuals, when people are engaged in entrepreneurial activities they are entrepreneurs, and when they are not engaged in entrepreneurial activities they are not entrepreneurs. On a more fundamental level, I believe that the primary attributes of entrepreneurship can be acquired by all individuals. That is, these attributes are ways of thinking and behaving that entrepreneurs can learn, rather than characteristics that individuals either have or don’t. If one assumes that the critical aspects of entrepreneurship can be acquired, then, testing for whether an individual has, at some point, the requisite skill (which was likely tested for after the experience...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.