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Chapter 13: Comprehensive Australian Study of Entrepreneurial Emergence (CAUSEE): Design, Data Collection and Descriptive Results
Per Davidsson, Paul Steffens and Scott Gordon INTRODUCTION The Comprehensive Australian Study of Entrepreneurial Emergence (CAUSEE) is a research programme that aims to uncover the factors that initiate, hinder and facilitate the process of emergence of new economic activities and organizations. It is widely acknowledged that entrepreneurship is one of the most important forces shaping changes in a country’s economic landscape (Baumol 1968; Birch 1987; Acs 1999). An understanding of the process by which new economic activity and business entities emerge is vital (Gartner 1993; Sarasvathy 2001). An important development in the study of ‘nascent entrepreneurs’ and ‘firms in gestation’ was the Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) (Gartner et al. 2004) and its extensions in Argentina, Canada, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. Yet while PSED I is an important first step towards systematically studying new venture emergence, it represents just the beginning of a stream of nascent venture studies – most notably PSED II is currently being undertaken in the US (2005–10) (Reynolds and Curtin 2008). CAUSEE employs and extends the research approach of PSED and to some extent the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) (Reynolds et al. 2003, 2005). Essentially we identify individuals involved with a nascent firm from a screening interview of the adult population. We then conduct an extensive interview with them about their new venture annually over four years (2008–11). While CAUSEE benefits greatly from the progress that has been made in previous research on nascent entrepreneurship and is partially harmonized with the ongoing...
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