Managerial and Organizational Challenges
Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Cary L. Cooper
Chapter 3: Government: Target, Protector and Aggressor
John L. Taylor Fighting terrorism is like being a goalkeeper. You can make a hundred brilliant saves but the only shot that people remember is the one that gets past you. (Paul Wilkinson, Professor of International Relations, University of St Andrews, Daily Telegraph, September 1, 1992) INTRODUCTION Governments are responsible for ﬁghting terrorism. They form the defense and the attack: some suggest that governments are responsible for terrorism in the ﬁrst place. In any event, the government of the country involved has to organize the rescue services, investigate the incident and bring the perpetrators to court. Governments are often the direct target of terrorists. Less spectacular than the Twin Towers but signiﬁcant nonetheless was the attack on the Pentagon on 9/11. And the ultimate destination of the fourth aircraft that crashed into Pennsylvania woodlands is unknown but was probably the White House or Capitol Hill. Had that fourth aircraft reached its destination, the US government would have been even more devastated. Embassies and consulates have been attacked, such as the Australian Embassy, Jakarta and the British Consulate, Istanbul; the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) launched rocket attacks on 10 Downing Street and MI6 headquarters. There are many examples of governments being the target. This chapter considers governments’ role in terrorism as the potential cause of extremism, the necessary defenses they have to install and how they attack terrorist organizations – in President George W. Bush’s words: the ‘war on terrorism’. Strategies between governments vary and the chapter explores the di...
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