Managerial and Organizational Challenges
Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Cary L. Cooper
Chapter 6: Fear of Terror and Health: A Study of Apparently Healthy Employees
Arie Shirom, Sharon Toker, Shlomo Berliner, Itzhak Shapira and Samuel Melamed1 INTRODUCTION There is substantial evidence, reviewed below, that mass violence in general, and terrorism in particular, is associated with physical and mental health impairments (Baum and Dougall, 2002; Duﬀy et al., 2007; Marshall et al., 2007). However, potential eﬀects of fear of terror and objective exposure to terror on biomarkers of physical health and on self-rated health (SRH), as an indicator of general health, have seldom been investigated. As noted in a recent review, the long-term eﬀects of terrorism on physical health, especially in situations when the threat of terrorism continues over time, have hardly been investigated (Yehuda and Hyman, 2005). In general, media coverage of acts of terror focuses on the loss of lives, the injured, and property damage. However, perhaps the major objective of terrorism is ultimately psychological, to create a climate of fear and vulnerability aﬀecting entire populations. For this reason, examining the relationships among objective exposure, fear of terror and mental and physical health provides an important and relevant research focus. In this chapter, we report on the results of two studies. The ﬁrst study investigated the eﬀects of fear of terror and objective exposure to terror on mental health as indicated by SRH. The second study investigated the eﬀects of fear of terror on C-reactive protein levels, which indicate the presence of low-grade inﬂammation commonly regarded as carrying a potential risk of cardiovascular disease (Verma et al...
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