International Terrorism and Threats to Security
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International Terrorism and Threats to Security Managerial and Organizational Challenges

Managerial and Organizational Challenges

  • New Horizons in Management series

Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Cary L. Cooper

This original collection examines the managerial and organizational implications of international terrorism and threats to security. When Islamic terrorists flew hijacked airplanes into the World Trade Center on 9/11, it changed much of the world forever. The number of deaths and the financial losses resulting from the attack was unprecedented. 9/11 highlighted how risky life in organizations had become.
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Chapter 6: Fear of Terror and Health: A Study of Apparently Healthy Employees

Arie Shirom, Sharon Toker, Shlomo Berliner, Itzhak Shapira and Samuel Melamed


6. Fear of terror and health: a study of apparently healthy employees Arie Shirom, Sharon Toker, Shlomo Berliner, Itzhak Shapira and Samuel Melamed1 INTRODUCTION There is substantial evidence, reviewed below, that mass violence in general, and terrorism in particular, is associated with physical and mental health impairments (Baum and Dougall, 2002; Duffy et al., 2007; Marshall et al., 2007). However, potential effects of fear of terror and objective exposure to terror on biomarkers of physical health and on self-rated health (SRH), as an indicator of general health, have seldom been investigated. As noted in a recent review, the long-term effects of terrorism on physical health, especially in situations when the threat of terrorism continues over time, have hardly been investigated (Yehuda and Hyman, 2005). In general, media coverage of acts of terror focuses on the loss of lives, the injured, and property damage. However, perhaps the major objective of terrorism is ultimately psychological, to create a climate of fear and vulnerability affecting entire populations. For this reason, examining the relationships among objective exposure, fear of terror and mental and physical health provides an important and relevant research focus. In this chapter, we report on the results of two studies. The first study investigated the effects of fear of terror and objective exposure to terror on mental health as indicated by SRH. The second study investigated the effects of fear of terror on C-reactive protein levels, which indicate the presence of low-grade inflammation commonly...

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