An Intellectual History of Sophism versus Virtue
Chapter 7: Collegiate Business Schools in the US: Sophism or Virtue
As described in earlier chapters the nineteenth century was an age of science while the twentieth century was one of business. In academia in the US the age of science brought about changes in the curriculum that gradually added courses in science and eventually added programs in applied science, such as medicine and engineering. During the age of business academia also began adding programs designed for the study of business. In doing so it met a clearly expressed social need, as we will see in this chapter. In terms of bringing about the age of business the first three decades of the twentieth century were a pivotal time. In the world of business the publicly owned corporation consolidated its position as the mainstay of the capitalist system and the basic methods needed to manage a large business firm were developed. The rest of the century might see large firms come and go, but the large firms of 1920 that persisted became even larger. The corporate model of a multi-division organization became a leading institution in the US. In academia a similar organization for the administration of a university was also established. The research universities of 1900–1930 remained small by today’s standards, with five to six thousand students. In place, however, was an organization of schools and colleges, including undergraduate, graduate and professional programs, that provided the means for expansion into the large multi-campus systems that exist today. Extension programs had been established at many major universities, and the social,...
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