The Structural Funds of the European Union
Edited by Massimo Florio
Chapter 10: Economic Evaluation in Environmental Policymaking and Implications for Children
Pascale Scapecchi INTRODUCTION Policymakers require estimates of the likely impacts of public interventions on social welfare. These estimates allow governments to revise or design policies as needed. To this end, many economic tools can be used to help policymakers determine the best policy options. Some tools quantify and monetize the likely impacts of regulations, whereas others provide indicators on priority areas. They all present advantages and disadvantages and the choice of a speciﬁc tool will greatly depend upon the purposes of the analysis required. At the European level, the European Commission (EC) has played a key role in supporting the use of economic decision-making tools in developing environmental regulations. The EC recently launched a new Impact Assessment procedure for all major policy proposals to improve the quality and coherence of its policies (EC, 2005). This approach provides information on the tradeoﬀs between the economic, social and environmental dimensions to inform decisions. A full appraisal of the potential environmental costs and beneﬁts is required for all major Commission proposals and speciﬁc environmental measures. Evaluating environmental policies is particularly important and necessary when it comes to children’s health. Recent epidemiological surveys have highlighted the speciﬁc vulnerability of children to environmental hazards and the risk diﬀerences between adults and children. However, most environmental policies currently in place are based upon information related to adult populations and do not take into account the risk diﬀerences between adults and children. Such a lack of consideration of children’s speci...
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