Edited by Henrik Enderlein, Sonja Wälti and Michael Zürn
Chapter 19: Multi-level Governance in Post-Soviet Eurasia: Problems and Promises
Anastassia Obydenkova 19.1 INTRODUCTION Regionalism and integration have become more and more important in contemporary world politics (Haas 1961; Haas and Schmitter 1964; Schmitter 1969; Laursen 2003). The number of regional unions has increased noticeably over the twentieth century. However, the destinies of these unions differ from each other significantly. Some of them, such as the European Union (EU) and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), turned out to be strong actors of world politics, and others present a sort of fluid, barely functioning organization. To the latter group belongs the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) that emerged in the aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union (USSR) in 1991. The dissolution of the USSR produced 15 independent states that started their search for regional affiliation and alliances. By now, very little has been written on the numerous attempts at regional integration and cooperation taking place in post-Soviet Eurasia: the CIS; the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO); the Eurasian Economic Community (EURASEC or EEC); the Single Economic Space (SES); the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Initiative (CAREC); the Central Asian Cooperation Organization (CACO); the Special Programme for the Economies of Central Asia (SPECA); the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and so on. This chapter will focus on the CIS because it was the first and the most long-lasting attempt at the institutionalization of integration in the region. The CIS along with other attempts at regional integration between the post-Soviet states (PSSs) presents a case of post-Soviet Eurasian regionalism. The main question is...
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