Edited by Henrik Enderlein, Sonja Wälti and Michael Zürn
Chapter 31: International Policing: Embedding the State Monopoly of Force
Eva Herschinger, Markus Jachtenfuchs and Christiane Kraft-Kasack Policing is a key aspect of the state monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force, and the latter is generally regarded as a defining and essential characteristic of the modern sovereign state (Weber 1978, pp. 54–6; Poggi 1990). In a handbook on multi-level governance, international policing is thus not an obvious choice because states could be expected to protect sovereignty rather than to exercise it jointly in multi-level systems. If they nevertheless do so, we would anticipate relatively few and weak international institutions and states taking great care to keep these institutions under control and preferring the joint management of sovereignty to more intrusive forms. While there is some truth in this expectation, it is only half of the story. The history and current form of international cooperation against transnational criminality show a different picture: for decades, the field has been marked by an increasing depth of cooperation. International police cooperation is by no means restricted to the European Union (EU) but also takes place within the United Nations (UN), the Council of Europe (CoE), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and a number of other organizations and regimes. As is the case in many other areas, international policing is increasingly marked by a dense web of multi-level structures, shaping, constraining and regulating state activity. It is the aim of this chapter to shed light on these structures and their impact on the state monopoly on the legitimate use...
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