Changing Lives and New Challenges
Edited by Jacqueline Scott, Shirley Dex and Heather Joshi
Chapter 12: Women and Work in the UK: The Need for a Modernisation of Labour Market Institutions
12. Women and work in the UK: the need for a modernisation of labour market institutions Jill Rubery In 1994 the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD 1994) made the argument that a new gender contract and a new set of labour market arrangements were needed to ﬁt with changing patterns of women’s employment and household formation. That argument added a new dimension to the gender equality debate: promoting gender equality was to be regarded as not only an issue of social justice but also a means of modernising the economy and welfare systems (Humphries and Rubery 1995; Rubery et al. 2003a; 2003b). This approach has been developed through the commitment to gender mainstreaming of public policy made at the Beijing World Conference on women. Gender mainstreaming is a tool that can be used to determine whether current institutional arrangements are ﬁt for purpose, once the interests of women as well as men are taken into account (Council of Europe 1998; Rees 1998). The argument presented in this chapter is that labour market institutions in the UK need to be modernised and upgraded to match the changing aspirations of women, to promote a more productive economy and to reduce risks of poverty and social exclusion. Such a modernisation process obviously involves costs for individuals or groups, as is the case with any process of change. It must be remembered that maintaining the status quo also implies costs, not just for individual women concerned but also for the economy. These...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.