- Elgar original reference
Edited by Giacomo Becattini, Marco Bellandi and Lisa De Propis
Chapter 41: The Industrial District Model: Relevance for Developing Countries in the Context of Globalisation
41. The industrial district model: Relevance for developing countries in the context of globalisation Anne Caroline Posthuma* 1. Introduction Does the industrial districts (IDs) model propose an approach relevant to developing countries, in their pursuit of competitive industrial and small enterprise development, especially in the context of globalisation? This chapter traces how the ID model, based originally upon the specific experience of the Third Italy, led to the development of a rich body of case studies that identified the existence of similar structures in other advanced industrialised countries. The ID model was taken up by some national governments and international agencies as a policy approach for the promotion of competitive small enterprise development. Subsequently, the ID model awakened interest among developing country researchers, small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) support agencies and policymakers, where important empirical studies and policy initiatives have been elaborated around this concept. The chapter highlights three features that are central to the ID model: territoriality; the role of public and private institutions and relations; and a virtuous cycle between specialised firms requiring skilled labour and the supply of those skilled workers with the backing of active trade unions, thereby supporting the attainment of quality production with quality employment. An important distinction exists between the definitions of clusters and IDs. While it is not the aim of this chapter to address such a distinction in detail, nevertheless, a short-hand description might characterise clusters as territoriallybound agglomerations of firms within the same sector. Meanwhile, IDs also include area-based sectoral...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.