Edited by Philip Cooke and Luciana Lazzeretti
Chapter 4: The Cultural Districtualization Model
Luciana Lazzeretti INTRODUCTION1 Studies on cultural economics (Baumol and Bowen, 1966; Benhamou, 2004; Ginsburgh and Merger, 1996; Throsby, 2001; Towse, 2003) and those on clusters and cultural districts are no longer a novelty, to the point that both in Italy (Pilotti, 2003; Santagata, 2005; Valentino, 2003) and abroad (Cooke, Chapter 1 in this volume; Greﬀe, 2003; OECD, 2005; Wynne, 1992) they have intensiﬁed, creating a rich and interesting mass of literature.2 Our principal contribution to this debate is represented by our studies on the economic enhancement of culture and art developed through the elaboration of a theoretic culture districtualization (CD) model3 for high culture local places and of a methodology for analysis of cultural, artistic and environmental heritage (CAEH) (Lazzeretti, 2001; 2003), which have been tested principally at a level of urban and regional clusters in Europe.4 In this study we will give a synthetic version recalling the essential concepts of ‘cultural, artistic, environmental heritage’, of ‘high culture local system’ (high culture local place plus high culture cluster), and of ‘high culture governance’, and then pass on to the illustration of some of the most signiﬁcant empirical evidence relating to two cities of art, Florence (Italy) and Seville (Spain), where diﬀerentiated analysis methodologies were applied. A ﬁnal note about prospects for development and the risks of economic enhancement of culture conclude the chapter. 2. THE DEFINITION OF THE CULTURAL DISTRICTUALIZATION MODEL: ESSENTIAL CONCEPTS The cultural districtualization model is a model for sustainable economic development based on...
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