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Creative Cities, Cultural Clusters and Local Economic Development

Edited by Philip Cooke and Luciana Lazzeretti

This book analyses the economic development of cities from the ‘cultural economy’ and ‘creative industry’ perspectives, examining and differentiating them as two related but distinct segments of contemporary city economies. The authors argue that although they are normally conflated, the first is largely subsidized while the second is highly entrepreneurial hence they actually make very different kinds of contribution to a city’s character, attractiveness and competitiveness.
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Chapter 14: Mapping and Analysing Creative Systems in Italy (1991–2001)

Francesco Capone


1 Francesco Capone 1. INTRODUCTION In recent years, an important debate has been more and more distinctly emerging concerning the role of creative economy in local economic development. Florida (2002: 72) presented data about American industries in order to measure its growth during the last century: ‘Systematic investments in creativity, under the form of expenditures for research and development . . . have gone from 5 billion dollars in 1953 to more than 250 billions in the year 2000. Even taking into consideration inflation during that period, investments in research and development grew more than 800%.’ Furthermore, he states that there have been a growing number of patents, reaching 150 000, with an increase of 250 per cent between 1950 and 1999, and that there has been an increase (of about eight times from the middle of the century) in the workforce employed in the creative technologies sector. During recent years the importance of creative economy for national wealth is more commonly recognized and creative industries have ‘moved from the fringes to mainstream economics’ (DMCS, 2001: 3). Great emphasis is put on the theoretical configuration of these concepts, but there is a lack of quantitative analysis for the identification of the kind of creativity embedded in the territory. The aim of this contribution is therefore to identify concentrations of creative industries in Italy and to investigate the kind of creativity diffused in the country, that is, to answer the question of whether Italian creative systems are mainly influenced...

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