A Research Companion
Edited by Mustafa F. Özbiligin
Chapter 4: The Unwanted Body of Man or Why is it So Difficult for Women to Make it in Academe? A Feminist Psychoanalytic Approach
Marianna Fotaki Sexual difference is one of the most important questions of our age, if not in fact the burning issue. According to Heidegger, each age is preoccupied with one thing and one alone. Sexual difference is probably that issue in our own age which could be our salvation on intellectual level. (Irigaray, 1993: 5) Why is there a male in the fe(male) and a man in a wo(man)? The male is a thing of its own and the female has a male in it. Does it mean that a woman is another mutation of the man? (A question my 11-year-old daughter asked me in 2007) INTRODUCTION The last decades have witnessed a massive entry of women into professions including law, medicine, accounting, consultancy and academe in many industrialised countries (Equal Opportunities Commission, 2006; WEF, 2006; Fincham and Rhodes, 2005: 630). Although horizontal and vertical discrimination is present in many of those professions, the inequality in pay, working hours, career prospects and treatment of women is perhaps nowhere as evident as in academe (Long et al., 1993; Martin, 1994; Long and Fox, 1995; Fox, 2001, 2005; Bailyn, 2003; Knights and Richards, 2003; Reskin, 2003; Probert, 2005). While the percentage of female graduates is in many cases higher than that of men (for example, in 2005/06, 57 per cent of first degree graduates in the UK were women; see Dyhouse, 2006), fewer women decide to follow a research career in science (including social sciences) and yet significantly fewer make...
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