The Institutions of the Enlarged European Union
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The Institutions of the Enlarged European Union

Continuity and Change

Edited by Edward Best, Thomas Christiansen and Pierpaolo Settembri

How have the main institutions and decision-making processes of the EU responded to the arrival of new member states? This book assesses the actual state of the EU institutions in the years after the 2004 enlargement, examining each of the main institutional actors as well as trends in legislative output, implementing measures and non-legislative approaches. The contributors outline the key changes as well as patterns of continuity in the institutional politics of the EU.
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Chapter 8: The European Economic and Social Committee after Enlargement

Nieves Pérez-Solórzano Borragán and Stijn Smismans


Nieves Pérez-Solórzano Borragán and Stijn Smismans The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) was created by the Rome Treaty as an advisory committee to the European Commission and the Council of Ministers. It was thought at the time that decision-making in the socio-economic areas delegated to the EEC would profit from the advice of a committee composed of the main sectoral interests in these areas, such as management, labour, craft, and agricultural organizations. The institutional set-up of the EESC has not been substantially changed since, but the Committee has had to compete increasingly with other fora of consultation which have often proved more efficient access channels for the interest groups concerned, such as specialized advisory committees in specific sectors, the European social dialogue procedure or – simply – direct lobbying of the main Community institutions. By the end of the 1990s, the EESC attempted (again1) to reinvent itself, this time by stressing its role as representative of organized civil society in a European Union ever more in search of legitimacy (Smismans 2000, 2004, pp. 123–82). It is in this institutional context that one should place the EESC’s adjustment to the EU’s eastward enlargement since 2004.2 Like all EU institutions the EESC had to integrate a high number of new members from countries with a considerably different political, socio-economic and cultural background. Yet the main changes that have occurred in the functioning and role of the Committee over the last few years are not necessarily...

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