Continuity and Change
Edited by Edward Best, Thomas Christiansen and Pierpaolo Settembri
Chapter 12: Widening, Deepening … and Diversifying: Has Enlargement Shaped New Forms of EU Governance?
12. Widening, deepening . . . and diversifying: has enlargement shaped new forms of EU governance? Edward Best INTRODUCTION This chapter considers the role played by enlargement in the evolution of new modes of European governance. In other words, it is concerned not with changes in the nature or functioning of the European institutions, nor with the operation or eﬀectiveness of the procedures by which those bodies adopt European instruments. It looks at the ways in which the range of instruments and approaches which are employed within the EU has become broader and more complex, to include a variety of non-legislative methods, and tries to assess the importance of enlargements in shaping these developments. It asks two questions. On the one hand, looking to the past, what has been the inﬂuence of enlargement in the emergence of these new approaches? On the other hand, looking to the future, are there any ways in which the latest enlargements from 15 to 27 member states could lead to a further transformation of such methods? And, if there are indications of such an impact, does this reﬂect more structural diﬀerences which will remain or capacity gaps which may be overcome? The ﬁrst section brieﬂy recalls the main ways in which non-legislative approaches have emerged in the European Union. It distinguishes between the various forms of non-binding policy coordination known generically as the open method of coordination (OMC), on the one hand, and the diﬀerent ways in which new forms of...
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