The Institutions of the Enlarged European Union
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The Institutions of the Enlarged European Union

Continuity and Change

Edited by Edward Best, Thomas Christiansen and Pierpaolo Settembri

How have the main institutions and decision-making processes of the EU responded to the arrival of new member states? This book assesses the actual state of the EU institutions in the years after the 2004 enlargement, examining each of the main institutional actors as well as trends in legislative output, implementing measures and non-legislative approaches. The contributors outline the key changes as well as patterns of continuity in the institutional politics of the EU.
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Chapter 12: Widening, Deepening … and Diversifying: Has Enlargement Shaped New Forms of EU Governance?

Edward Best


12. Widening, deepening . . . and diversifying: has enlargement shaped new forms of EU governance? Edward Best INTRODUCTION This chapter considers the role played by enlargement in the evolution of new modes of European governance. In other words, it is concerned not with changes in the nature or functioning of the European institutions, nor with the operation or effectiveness of the procedures by which those bodies adopt European instruments. It looks at the ways in which the range of instruments and approaches which are employed within the EU has become broader and more complex, to include a variety of non-legislative methods, and tries to assess the importance of enlargements in shaping these developments. It asks two questions. On the one hand, looking to the past, what has been the influence of enlargement in the emergence of these new approaches? On the other hand, looking to the future, are there any ways in which the latest enlargements from 15 to 27 member states could lead to a further transformation of such methods? And, if there are indications of such an impact, does this reflect more structural differences which will remain or capacity gaps which may be overcome? The first section briefly recalls the main ways in which non-legislative approaches have emerged in the European Union. It distinguishes between the various forms of non-binding policy coordination known generically as the open method of coordination (OMC), on the one hand, and the different ways in which new forms of...

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