Research Handbook on International Human Rights Law
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Research Handbook on International Human Rights Law

Edited by Sarah Joseph and Adam McBeth

This innovative and timely Handbook brings together the work of 25 leading human rights scholars from all over the world to consider a broad range of human rights topics.
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Chapter 14: The Inter-American Human Rights System: Selected Examples of its Supervisory Work

Diego Rodríguez-Pinzón and Claudia Martin


Diego Rodríguez-Pinzón and Claudia Martin 1 Introduction The work of the Inter-American human rights system (‘Inter-American system’) extends for over 50 years. The Inter-American system emerged with the adoption of the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man1 in April 1948. However, the Inter-American system started, in practice, with the creation of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (‘the Commission’ or ‘IACHR’) in 1959. In 1969 the Inter-American system adopted the American Convention on Human Rights (‘American Convention’),2 and in 1979 it established the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (‘the Inter-American Court’). The goal of this chapter is to describe briefly the functions of the Commission and the Inter-American Court and provide some examples on how these organs have addressed human rights violations in regard to Englishspeaking States. Section 2 focuses on the Commission’s powers and functions and contains an overview of the work carried out in monitoring the protection of human rights in the so-called war against terrorism. Section 3 describes the scope of the Inter-American Court’s powers and functions within its contentious jurisdiction, and there is a brief review of a group of emblematic human rights issues which the Inter-American Court addresses, in the context of cases arising from English-speaking Caribbean States. 2 The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights A The functions and powers of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (i) Political dimension The political dimension of the Commission’s American Declaration of Rights and Duties of Man, OAS Doc OEA/Ser.L.V/II.82 Doc 6...

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