International Business under Adversity
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International Business under Adversity

A Role in Corporate Responsibility, Conflict Prevention and Peace

Edited by Gabriele G.S. Suder

What is the role of international business in this dilemma? How and why do international corporations maximize value beyond core strategy and partners through corporate responsibility? This informative and accessible resource expands the readers’ understanding of the ways in which profit maximization, value creation and community benefit interconnect. How to respect the wider business settings and communities, the environment and encourage peace? Is this just another dream? This book clearly provides a starting point for upstream mitigation, in which collective action allows disruption to be avoided at its very roots. It shows the way into responsible business, as a downright condition for an enlightened self-interest for all parties to pursue.
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Chapter 9: The Sustainable Peace Roles of International Extractive Industries

Duane Windsor


Duane Windsor 9.1 INTRODUCTION Conflict and violence, both intra-state and inter-state, are globally widespread conditions in which businesses, both domestic and foreign, must frequently operate. These conditions are most pronounced in some developing countries in which international extractive industries are especially prominent activities. The broad rubric of conflict and violence includes violent crime (for example, kidnappings of foreign oil workers in the Niger Delta of Nigeria), inter-group conflicts (for example, the Tutsi and the Hutu in the Rwanda genocide of 1994 or the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia), civil wars and insurgencies (for example, the current situations in Iraq, Somalia and Sudan) and cross-border wars (for example, the continuing conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea and the persistent risk of war between India and Pakistan). In the post-09/11 era, terrorism of several varieties is a rising phenomenon. Sometimes, businesses are targets of violence or threats of violence (for example, the Chiquita scandal in Colombia, which is described below, and foreign oil companies in Nigeria). Sometimes, businesses may be, however inadvertently, causes or promoters of conflict and violence (for example, allegations made against Rio Tinto on Bougainville Island).1 The issue addressed in this volume is the potential role of businesses in respecting human rights and encouraging sustainable peace and conflict prevention both through direct business activities and indirectly through the often positive relationship between business profit and community benefit. International businesses especially may be able to operate as change agents promoting peace and...

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