Edited by Franco Malerba and Nicholas S. Vonortas
Chapter 4: Measuring the Corporate Web of Science: Research and Partnership Networks within the European Pharmaceutical Industry
4. Measuring the corporate web of science: research and partnership networks within the European pharmaceutical industry Robert J.W. Tijssen INTRODUCTION 1. Many innovative R&D-intensive companies are in the business of applying and creating knowledge and skill bases to achieve or sustain a competitive advantage. Leading innovative firms are engaged in a continual search for applicable knowledge and first-rate partners. Analysts and commentators often look at such companies from a resource-based view, in which the efficient building and utilization of corporate resources and R&D capabilities is the prime consideration (e.g. Teece et al., 1997). Another approach focuses on corporate structure, often introducing a proximitybased distinction between local and multinational firms, or domestic and foreign subsidiaries and affiliations (e.g. Pavitt and Patel, 1999). A third perspective, the knowledge-based view, conceptualizes these firms as possessing a certain knowledge and skill base that is different from their competitors (e.g. Grant, 1996; Mowery et al., 1996). This chapter merges elements from these three perspectives in its analysis and discussion of research cooperation. This analysis is presented against the backdrop of a growth of business sector investments in public sector research (e.g. OECD, 2002), and the fact that the numbers of public–private research partnerships, involving for-profit firms and not-for-profit public research organizations (PROs), has become quite significant in enhancing competitive advantages of innovative R&D-intensive companies. Despite the growing interest and increasing resources invested in this type of public–private partnership, the actual dynamics and results of these collaborative arrangements are poorly understood....
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