Edited by Franco Malerba and Nicholas S. Vonortas
Chapter 4: Measuring the Corporate Web of Science: Research and Partnership Networks within the European Pharmaceutical Industry
Robert J.W. Tijssen INTRODUCTION 1. Many innovative R&D-intensive companies are in the business of applying and creating knowledge and skill bases to achieve or sustain a competitive advantage. Leading innovative firms are engaged in a continual search for applicable knowledge and first-rate partners. Analysts and commentators often look at such companies from a resource-based view, in which the efficient building and utilization of corporate resources and R&D capabilities is the prime consideration (e.g. Teece et al., 1997). Another approach focuses on corporate structure, often introducing a proximitybased distinction between local and multinational firms, or domestic and foreign subsidiaries and affiliations (e.g. Pavitt and Patel, 1999). A third perspective, the knowledge-based view, conceptualizes these firms as possessing a certain knowledge and skill base that is different from their competitors (e.g. Grant, 1996; Mowery et al., 1996). This chapter merges elements from these three perspectives in its analysis and discussion of research cooperation. This analysis is presented against the backdrop of a growth of business sector investments in public sector research (e.g. OECD, 2002), and the fact that the numbers of public–private research partnerships, involving for-profit firms and not-for-profit public research organizations (PROs), has become quite significant in enhancing competitive advantages of innovative R&D-intensive companies. Despite the growing interest and increasing resources invested in this type of public–private partnership, the actual dynamics and results of these collaborative arrangements are poorly understood. Even with an abundance of anecdotal information about these pervasive developments within R&D-intensive industries, and...
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