Road Congestion Pricing in Europe
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Road Congestion Pricing in Europe

Implications for the United States

Edited by Harry W. Richardson and Chang-Hee Christine Bae

In February 2003, the London Congestion Charging Scheme was introduced and in 2006 a similar policy was introduced in Stockholm. In both cases automobile traffic entering the cordon declined by about 20 percent. This book evaluates these and other similar programs exploring their implications for the United States. This study’s value lies in the fact that it examines road pricing in the real world and not simply from a theoretical viewpoint. As a comparative study it will appeal to both policymakers and academics in transportation economics and planning, urban economics, planning and economic geography.
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Chapter 3: Road Pricing in Britain and its Relevance to the United States: Finding from Two Scenarios of National Road Charging in Great Britain and Some Reflections on Governance

Terence Bendixson


3. Road pricing in Britain and its relevance to the United States: findings from two scenarios of national road charging in Great Britain and some reflections on governance Terence Bendixson 1 INTRODUCTION This chapter considers some implications of introducing variable, distance-based road charging in Great Britain. It looks at two pricing regimes involving different ways of spending the revenues. And, after noting that road charging could be used to suppress travel by car or provide additional transport capacity, it considers some of the implications of pay-as-you-go driving for governance. The starting-point for this thinking is two reports produced by the Independent Transport Commission (ITC), a think-tank linked to the University of Southampton. Both reports were based on econometric modelling by Professor Stephen Glaister and Dr Daniel Graham of Imperial College London. The first (2003)1 concluded that: ● ● The pricing of road travel in Britain is a muddle. What many people pay bears no relation to the real costs of their journeys. Given the practical limitations to road building, the country faces a choice between worsening congestion and road-use charging. Delay over the introduction of charging will make things worse. Glaister, in his technical report, observed that under current rates of fuel duty, city areas and major inter-city routes tended to be undercharged while country areas were significantly overcharged. 39 40 UK applications The focus of the ITC’s second (2006) report 2 was: ● ● ● ● ● ● The likely state of traffic speeds and flows in 2010, assuming that national road...

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