Implications for the United States
Edited by Harry W. Richardson and Chang-Hee Christine Bae
Chapter 6: Road User Charging in the UK: The Policy Prospects
Martin G. Richards 1 INTRODUCTION Road pricing has been on the political agenda in the UK for over 40 years since Reuben Smeed chaired a committee charged with studying the technical feasibility of ‘improving the pricing system relating to the use of roads, and on relevant economic considerations’ (Ministry of Transport, 1964). But successive governments have decided that it was not a policy for their time. It was put back on the agenda in 1997, by the new Blair government, in the form of local congestion charging, and was adopted by Ken Livingstone as a central element of his manifesto for the 2000 London mayoral election. But, having rejected him as the oﬃcial Labour candidate, the government distanced itself from the principle. However, with the success of Livingstone’s London Congestion Charging Scheme (LCCS), and a realisation that the government’s bold claim in its 2000 Ten Year Transport Plan that it would reduce congestion by 2010 was not going to be achieved, charging returned to the government agenda, with the commissioning of a road pricing feasibility study (DfT, 2004a). Although the brief was a national scheme, the government made it clear that it did not intend to introduce charging on its roads – the national motorway and trunk road network – for several years, although it wanted local authorities to introduce charging schemes. This chapter is intended to provide an analysis and assessment of the prospects for the introduction of road user charging in the UK. 2 ROAD PRICING: SMEED TO LIVINGSTONE...
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