Implications for the United States
Edited by Harry W. Richardson and Chang-Hee Christine Bae
Chapter 15: The Stockholm Congestion Charging System: A Summary of the Effects
15. The Stockholm congestion charging system: a summary of the eﬀects Jonas Eliasson, Karin Brundell-Freij and Muriel Beser Hugosson 1 INTRODUCTION The Stockholm Trial consisted of two parts: a congestion charging scheme, which operated between 3 January and 31 July 2006, and an enhanced public transport scheme, which ran between 31 August 2005 and 31 December 2006. Initially, the trial was meant to consist only of a congestion charging scheme. However, it was later decided that this should be complemented with public transport improvements – several new bus lines, additional capacity on commuter trains and subways, and more park-and-ride facilities. The congestion charging scheme was originally meant to be a ‘full-scale trial for several years’, and was part of an agreement between the Social Democrats and the leftist and Green parties on the national level following the election in Autumn 2002. For various reasons, particularly legal objections regarding the technology procurement process, the congestion charge period was ultimately considerably shorter than was initally planned. The Stockholm Trial was followed by referendums in the City of Stockholm and in about half of the neighbouring municipalities. In the City of Stockholm referendum, a majority favoured keeping the charges, but a majority of the voters in the county were against them. However, the results are somewhat misleading, since most of the municipalities where polls showed greater support for the charges did not hold a referendum at all. After considering for a few weeks how to interpret the outcome of the referendums, the new...
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