Boundaries, Structures and Strategies
Edited by Andrea Colli and Michelangelo Vasta
8. 8.1 Public utilities in the 20th century* Simone Fari and Andrea Giuntini INTRODUCTION The phenomenon of municipalisation becomes real in the management of public utilities. A general look into the structural frame and the dynamics of this sector is fitting in order to understand its role in the present situation of the Italian economy. One of the main goals of this research is to give the municipalisation phenomenon, on the one hand, an adequate dimension in Italian economic history, and, on the other, to show the changes in the economy, which this country is currently undergoing. Municipal companies hold a particular position in the history of 20thcentury enterprises in Italy. Although they completely and legitimately belong to this century-long historical event, they have to be separated from other events for many reasons. This is why they need a tailor-made analysis, which also keeps in mind their qualitative and quantitative aspects. There are many external factors which have influenced their history, and which, for other enterprises, have less relevance. Such a statement can be applied to many fields: most of all, as this study will show, there are two fields which are worth particular consideration: on the one hand, there is the legislative and institutional field, while, on the other, there is the field of governance. The history of municipalisation in Italy can be read as a long journey from the public to the private sphere, from a monopolistic situation to the success of market principles. This does not mean...
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