Science and Technology Based Regional Entrepreneurship
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Science and Technology Based Regional Entrepreneurship

Global Experience in Policy and Program Development

Edited by Sarfraz A. Mian

Providing a global survey of public policies and programs for building national and regional ecosystems of science and technology based entrepreneurial development, this book offers a unique analysis of the advances, over the last several decades and in light of the experiential knowledge gained in various parts of the world, in the understanding of innovation systems in the pursuit of developing these economies. Presenting nineteen case studies of diverse developed and emerging economy nations and their regions, more than thirty expert authors describe an array of policy and program mechanisms that have been implemented over the years.
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Chapter 10: Building Entrepreneurial Platforms and Innovative Hotspots: Science and Technology Based Regional Development in the Netherlands

Willem Hulsink, Jolanda Hessels and Kashifa Suddle


Willem Hulsink, Jolanda Hessels and Kashifa Suddle INTRODUCTION Allegedly, the European Union (EU) suffers from a mixed blessing in its science, technology and innovation policy: its countries play a leading international role in terms of top-level scientific output but they lag behind in the ability to convert the results of the excellence in research into wealth-generating innovations and competitive advantage. In EU documents this gap between leading research upstream and weak commercialization downstream became widely known as the European paradox (e.g. Aho Group, 2006; Innometrics, 2009), but as Dosi et al. (2006) have made clear, the European emperor has no clothes: with a few outliers of excellent research in physical sciences and engineering and a few single success stories (e.g. Cambridge), Europe’s system of science and technology (S&T) research lags behind the USA in most areas, its industrial base is smaller and more dispersed and relatively weak with a lower presence in sectors based on new technologies and a lower propensity to innovate than its transatlantic counterparts. In order to make Europe more innovative, the following policy measures were implemented (Aho Group, 2006): (i) to foster a culture that celebrates innovation and entrepreneurship; (ii) to increase resources for science and R&D and promote further EUlevel coordination and collaboration; (iii) to stimulate greater mobility of human resources, knowledge for innovation and finance for investments. As a consequence of the impact of these policies on overall performance, and with Europe being less vulnerable to the global economic crisis than the...

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