Science and Technology Based Regional Entrepreneurship
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Science and Technology Based Regional Entrepreneurship

Global Experience in Policy and Program Development

Edited by Sarfraz A. Mian

Providing a global survey of public policies and programs for building national and regional ecosystems of science and technology based entrepreneurial development, this book offers a unique analysis of the advances, over the last several decades and in light of the experiential knowledge gained in various parts of the world, in the understanding of innovation systems in the pursuit of developing these economies. Presenting nineteen case studies of diverse developed and emerging economy nations and their regions, more than thirty expert authors describe an array of policy and program mechanisms that have been implemented over the years.
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Chapter 16: Micro and Small Enterprise Based Innovative Entrepreneurship and the Development of Local Productive Systems in Brazil

Ana Arroio, José E. Cassiolato and Helena Lastres


Ana Arroio, José E. Cassiolato and Helena Lastres INTRODUCTION It has been known for decades that innovation comprises more than just R&D. As investments in intangibles such as R&D, software, product design, process engineering, training, marketing and management came to play a larger role in the production of goods and services, innovation was no longer understood as radical processes in high-tech sectors that can only be carried out by large firms. This has important implications for policy and programme development that seeks to stimulate innovation in developing countries. It requires a shift in policy focus to emphasize the promotion of less favoured regions and of micro and small enterprises (MSEs) that in most circumstances form the basis of local economies. Positive experiences in many countries have contributed to the shift in focus and to the search for alternatives based on the promotion of MSEs, particularly those organized collectively. This chapter brings to the fore an important experience in policy and programme development to foster regional entrepreneurship. It considers policies to promote innovation in Brazil in the 1990s and at the turn of the twenty-first century. It uses the methodology developed by the Brazilian research network on Local Production and Innovation Systems (RedeSist) to examine local productive systems, that is, any productive agglomeration involving economic, political and social agents located in the same area, performing related economic activities and presenting consistent articulation, interaction, cooperation and learning processes.1 It represents a practical unit of analysis and investigation that goes well...

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