Environmental Governance and Decentralisation
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Environmental Governance and Decentralisation

  • New Horizons in Environmental Economics series

Edited by Albert Breton, Giorgio Brosio, Silvana Dalmazzone and Giovanna Garrone

This book examines how different countries define and address environmental issues, specifically in relation to intergovernmental relations: the creation of institutions, the assignment of powers, and the success of alternative solutions. It also investigates whether a systemic view of the environment has influenced the policy-making process. The broad perspective adopted includes a detailed analysis of seventeen countries in six continents by scholars from a range of disciplines – economics, political science, environmental science and law – thus producing novel material that moves away from the conventional treatment of decentralisation and the environment in economic literature.
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Chapter 11: Chile: The Development–Sustainability Dilemma

Tommaso Chiamparino, Laura Piazza and Irene Venturello

Extract

11. Chile: The development– sustainability dilemma Tommaso Chiamparino, Laura Piazza and Irene Venturello This chapter is made up of two parts: the first one, entitled ‘Environmental legislation and policymaking in Chile’, describes the situation of the environment in Chile and the set of norms and bodies with environmental functions; the second one, ‘Chilean environmental governance: a critical review’ is dedicated to the peculiar issues that, in some way, are unique to the country. The analysis of Part I begins with a historical review of the decentralization process and offers a parallel description of the evolution of environmental legislation and concern. The study then focuses on the institutional set-up created by the Environmental Framework Law and on the legislation deriving from international agreements. In the last sections of Part I, we introduce Chile’s environmental situation, paying particular attention to the tools available to manage it. Part II is constructed around some key issues that we considered emblematic of Chilean environmental policymaking. First, the anomalous nature of the environmental institutions, the incomplete process of decentralization and its weak participatory support. In addition, we analyse the forms of horizontal cooperation and the limits of the monitoring processes. Finally we underline an aspect of specific relevance for environmental protection in developing countries: the impact on domestic legislation of the environmental rules imposed by international trade agreements. PART I: ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION AND POLICYMAKING IN CHILE 1. The Decentralization Process 1.1 The authoritarian deconcentration During the military rule the institutional reforms imposed by General...

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