- New Horizons in Environmental Economics series
Edited by Albert Breton, Giorgio Brosio, Silvana Dalmazzone and Giovanna Garrone
Chapter 13: The Danish Communes: Capacities and Constraints in Environmental Management
13. The Danish communes: Capacities and constraints in environmental management Mikael Skou Andersen No ‘Invisible Hand’ can be relied on to produce a good arrangement of the whole from a combination of separate treatment of the parts. It is, therefore, necessary that an authority of wider reach should intervene and should tackle the collective problems of beauty, of air and of light, as those other collective problems of gas and water have been solved. (Pigou, 1932: 195) 1. INTRODUCTION Local authorities still play a signiﬁcant role in the implementation of national environmental policies when looking at the situation in terms of local environmental administrative tasks and resources. Basic services with regard to pollution control (wastewater treatment, waste management, nature protection) administered locally in the majority of EU countries account for 80–90 per cent of total public expenditure directed at environmental policy. Eﬀorts to integrate environmental policy into other policy sectors have, moreover, led to further local authority involvement. For example, the restructuring of EU agricultural policy has been increasingly based on local area planning and has, thereby, been placed within the realm of local and regional authorities. Having acknowledged this fundamental role, a tendency in favour of new types of management instruments exploiting channels other than those of local authorities is to be observed over the past decade. These comprise market-based instruments, such as environmental taxes, voluntary agreements, producer responsibility schemes, environmental certiﬁcation, environmental auditing and environmental impact assessment (EIA). These new management instruments have been...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.