Environmental Governance and Decentralisation
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Environmental Governance and Decentralisation

Edited by Albert Breton, Giorgio Brosio, Silvana Dalmazzone and Giovanna Garrone

This book examines how different countries define and address environmental issues, specifically in relation to intergovernmental relations: the creation of institutions, the assignment of powers, and the success of alternative solutions. It also investigates whether a systemic view of the environment has influenced the policy-making process. The broad perspective adopted includes a detailed analysis of seventeen countries in six continents by scholars from a range of disciplines – economics, political science, environmental science and law – thus producing novel material that moves away from the conventional treatment of decentralisation and the environment in economic literature.
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Chapter 16: Italy: Towards Responsibility-sharing in Environmental Protection

Ivana Capozza and Giovanna Garrone


16. Italy: Towards responsibilitysharing in environmental protection Ivana Capozza* and Giovanna Garrone 1. INTRODUCTION In Italy, environmental concerns have prompted effective actions only in relatively recent times, in spite of the high pressures determined by the country’s economic and social features, such as the high density of population, mostly concentrated in coastal areas and in the plains. Environmental governance is affected by the overall government system. Italy is a regional (quasi-federal) state with a four-tier system of government: the country is divided into 20 Regions (to five of which the Constitution grants an increased autonomy),1 110 Provinces and, at the sub-provincial level, 8102 Municipalities and a number of several different local authorities, such as Mountain Communities. It is undergoing a significant, albeit slow and somewhat bumpy, evolution towards a proper federal set-up such that the current system is not easy to classify (Crosetti et al., 2002). The assignment of powers over the environment is evolving accordingly, with a general tendency towards an increasing role of local authorities at different levels. However, the allocation of competences among levels of government is not always clear. This chapter reviews the current institutional setting for environmental governance in Italy, focusing on the ongoing decentralisation process and on the evolution of the policy instruments. Section 2 retraces the evolution in time of the institutional set-up leading to the current system of actors and assignments. This is described in section 3, which also deals with the role of the environmental...

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