- Elgar original reference
Edited by G. Page West III, Elizabeth J. Gatewood and Kelly G. Shaver
Chapter 11: Interdisciplinarity in Cross-Campus Entrepreneurship Education
* Frank Janssen, Valérie Eeckhout, Benoît Gailly and Sophie Bacq Introduction During the last 30 years, the scientific community has shown a growing interest for entrepreneurship, driven by the increasing dynamic role of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in job creation and innovation and boosted by the emergence of new business environments, new technologies and globalization (Fiet, 2001). Parallel to this, a growing number of entrepreneurship education programs (EEPs) have appeared, first in the United States where, today, more than 2,200 courses are offered at over 1,600 schools (Katz, 2003; Kuratko, 2005), and then, more recently, in Europe, where most programs have been created in the last decade (Klandt, 2004). The educational system, in particular universities, now plays a significant role in the emergence and diffusion of entrepreneurial culture (Fayolle, 2000). It strongly influences how students are able to detect, evaluate and capture attractive value-creation opportunities. Education is therefore a core element in the development of entrepreneurial spirit and initiatives. This, coupled with the growing importance of SMEs in their socio-economic environment, has pushed a growing number of European universities to develop EEPs. Today, entrepreneurship also tends to be recognized as an academic field (Bruyat and Julien, 2001; Cooper, 2003). It has an important scientific community that has produced a significant body of research (Acs and Audretsch, 2003; McGrath, 2003). Some authors tend to think that it is a blossoming field that cuts across different disciplines (Acs and Audretsch, 2003). It can also be argued that the...
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