The Globalization of Indian Firms from Steel to Software
Chapter 3: Methods
3. Methods This book uses a case-study approach to examine how domestic ﬁrms in an emerging economy evolve through interactions with foreign ﬁrms. The data collection and analysis were conducted in stages from 1993–2007. In the ﬁrst stage, the study covered ten ﬁrms in the manufacturing sector, including construction equipment, steel, automotive components such as bearings and pistons and rings, power equipment, motorcycles, agricultural equipment, and engines for tractors, utility vehicles, and automobiles. The manufacturing sector was selected for its critical importance to developing countries, capital intensity, and relevance in international markets. In the second stage, the focus shifted to newer, high-technology industries and included ﬁrms in the software and biopharmaceutical industries. These industries were included because of the increasing importance of ICTbased industries in industrialized countries, the rising presence of Indian players in this arena and to determine whether these ﬁrms followed a similar evolutionary path to manufacturing ﬁrms. Firms from both manufacturing and high-technology sectors were revisited in the third phase to obtain a broader perspective of the economy. A case-study approach was deemed relevant because of the nature of the research questions. Initially, the objective was to focus on organizational processes to explain how learning occurred in technology transfer situations and why some ﬁrms absorbed technology more readily than others. In later phases of the study the objective was to understand how expansion and internationalization occurred and whether ﬁrms in diﬀerent industries employed similar processes and followed similar evolutionary paths. The Indian environment provided a...
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