International Handbook of Urban Policy, Volume 1
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International Handbook of Urban Policy, Volume 1

Contentious Global Issues

Edited by H. S. Geyer

This first Handbook in a series of three original reference works looks at globally contentious urban policy issues from a wide variety of different angles and perspectives. Matters related to urban densification, population mobility, urban inequality and sustainability are analysed in a manner that will not only interest the advanced student but also the novice.
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Chapter 8: Social Exclusion and Urban Policy in European Cities: Combining ‘Northern’ and ‘Southern’ European Perspectives

F. Moulaert, E. Morlicchio and L. Cavola


F. Moulaert, E. Morlicchio and L. Cavola Introduction Over the last few decades, social exclusion analysis has gone through significant methodological transformations. Originally centred on the observation and classification of poverty and types of poor, and on the construction of appropriate indicators of poverty and deprivation (Townsend, 1993), the focus shifted from the late 1980s, towards the analysis of social exclusion as a multi-dimensional process, occurring at a variety of spatial scales (Moulaert, 1995; Paugam, 1996; Moulaert and Scott, 1997; Mingione, Kazepov and Zajczyk, 1997; Mingione and Oberti, 2003). Social exclusion First, the notion of social exclusion was introduced. On the basis of a well-organized literature review, Vranken (1997; 2001) identified three more or less complementary readings of ‘social exclusion’: [social exclusion may be seen] in terms of denial or non-realization of social rights. (Vranken (2001) citing Room, 1991, p. 5) [social exclusion] concerns the gap that exists between situations or groups in one or more areas of social life; this gap does not necessarily relate to poverty. (Vranken, 2001) [social exclusion] is a process, while poverty is one of its results. (Vranken, 2001) Much of the recent progress in social exclusion analysis has followed the lines of the third reading, that is, social exclusion as a process with a variety of dimensions and results (Paugam, 1996). This approach offers a firm answer to the tendency to ‘segment’ or ‘atomize’ the analysis of the factors of poverty, as is done in some of the debates on...

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