Contentious Global Issues
Edited by H. S. Geyer
Chapter 13: Integrating the Planning Environment: Theory and Practice of Putting ‘Urban’ in a Regional Context
1 G. Haughton and D. Counsell Cities in regions This chapter examines the recent re-emergence of regional planning as a way of guiding future urban growth in Western cities, illustrated by some case study material from Leeds in the United Kingdom and Cork in Ireland. Our aim is to show how regional planning has emerged as a key tool for territorial management in both the United Kingdom and Ireland. This is a trend that is rooted in some profound changes in our understanding of how cities interact with both their surrounding areas and also the wider world. But equally important, changes in the ‘scale’ of planning for cities also reﬂect political debates on how best to move towards greater political devolution and how to develop a more integrated approach to policymaking. The interdependence of cities and their hinterland areas has long been a subject of fascination for commentators (e.g., Mumford, 1961). In the 1960s there was a rapid growth of interest in the apparent merging of cities, notably along the northeastern seaboard of the United States, creating new ‘megalopolis’ entities (Gottmann, 1961). Here the concern was very much about the physical expansion of the city itself. There continues to be strong interest in the idea of such urban archipelagos, as new technologies and new forms of communication allow people and businesses to recast how they use cities, moving away from notions of single, dominant cores to linked nodes across a broader region of cities, satellite towns and development clusters...
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