- Elgar original reference
Edited by Ron Boschma and Ron Martin
Chapter 11: Evolutionary Economic Geography: Regional Systems of Innovation and High-tech Clusters
Philip Cooke and Carla de Laurentis 1. Introduction Evolutionary economic geography integrates numerous strands of heterodox spatial fields. Some parts of even ‘new neoclassical’ theory, such as increasing returns, aspects of endogeneity in growth processes, and notions of abiding spatial disequilibrium as the resultant of increasing returns to spatial scale (Krugman, 1995), provide interesting insights into why some regions are rich and others poor, to echo Malthus’s famous question of Ricardo (Landes, 1998). But this is all, for there are few other distinctive contributions to be made from that quarter. One sub-field of regional science that is more squarely compatible with an evolutionary approach is that dealing with regional innovation systems (Braczyk et al., 1998). It is avowedly neo-Schumpeterian, translating that author’s resolutely aspatial economist’s mode of analysis and bringing further life to it. Indeed, elsewhere it has been argued that one reason why it continually attracts fascination is that regional innovation systems analysis gave a boost to more general innovation systems thinking. This, according to Carlsson (2007), is the dominant innovation studies field since refereed articles began appearing in the mid-1990s (Cooke, 1992). The reason for this is explored in section 1 of the chapter, arguing that the conceptual perspective of industrial economics, often referred to as ‘industrial dynamics’ in the innovation studies literature, is vertical – down the sector, as it were, from the vertically integrated large firm to its suppliers and support organisations. In the old days of the ‘Industrial Age’ when multinationals evolved as vertically integrated behemoths,...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.